Presentation slides from the Materials Information Luncheon held at the U.S. Capitol, Washington, DC, August 3, 2011, sponsored by TMS and MRS.
Introductory Remarks and Overview on “Accelerating Materials and Manufacturing Innovation for Global Competitiveness”
Kevin Hemker, Johns Hopkins University, and TMS Public and Governmental Affairs Committee Chair
This overview by Kevin Hemker introduces the purpose of the Materials Information Luncheon: starting a new dialogue with leaders about materials innovation issues and how to nurture a robust manufacturing-based economy that ultimately creates jobs. “The U.S. is at a tipping point in the way materials are brought to market,” he said. “It’s a new way of doing business.”
Computational Materials Science for Innovation
James B. Roberto, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Advances in materials are essential to leadership in virtually all technologies. Over the past two decades, the United States has developed the world’s most powerful collection of research facilities for materials sciences. These facilities enable unprecedented insight into, and manipulation at, the nanoscale, the length scale where the properties of materials are determined. Over the same period, the combined increase in computational capabilities due to both hardware and software advances has been more than a million-fold. This rate of improvement, which shows no sign of abating, has enabled the development of computer simulations and models of unprecedented fidelity and speed. We are at the threshold of a new era where the integrated synthesis, characterization, and modeling of complex materials will transform our ability to understand and design new materials and materials processes with predictive power. This has profound implications for materials discovery, the pace of innovation, and the development of new technologies.
Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME):
The Next Big Thing in Materials
John Allison, Professor,
Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering,
The University of Michigan
Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) is a new, transformational approach that involves the integration of materials information, represented in advanced computational tools, with engineering product performance analysis and manufacturing-process simulation. ICME has a demonstrated ability to increase the efficiency of the engineering process and has significant promise for accelerating the development of new materials. ICME appears to be at a tipping point and the US Materials Genome Initiative can serve as an important catalyst to drive the scientific and technological developments and cultural changes that will be needed to fulfill this promise. The talk will draw on the presenter's experience at Ford Motor Company in development and implementation of successful ICME tools as well as a recent National Academies report on ICME to identify barriers and opportunities for the future.